Energy-efficient resource management for federated edge learning with CPU-GPU heterogeneous computing

Abstract Edge machine learning involves the deployment of learning algorithms at the network edge to leverage massive distributed data and computation resources to train artificial intelligence (AI) models. Among others, the framework of federated edge learning (FEEL) is popular for its data-privacy preservation. FEEL coordinates global model training at an edge server and local model training at devices that are connected by wireless links. This work contributes to the energy-efficient implementation of FEEL in wireless networks by designing joint computation-and-communication resource management ( C2 RM). The design targets the state-of-the-art heterogeneous mobile architecture where parallel computing using both CPU and GPU, called heterogeneous computing , can significantly improve both the performance and energy efficiency. To minimize the sum energy consumption of devices, we propose a novel C2 RM framework featuring multi-dimensional control including bandwidth allocation, CPU-GPU workload partitioning and speed scaling at each device, and C2 time division for each link. The key component of the framework is a set of equilibriums in energy rates with respect to different control variables that are proved to exist among devices or between processing units at each device. The results are applied to designing efficient algorithms for computing the optimal C2 RM policies faster than the standard optimization tools. Based on the equilibriums, we further design energy-efficient schemes for device scheduling and greedy spectrum sharing that scavenges “spectrum holes” resulting from heterogeneous C2 time divisions among devices. Using a real dataset, experiments are conducted to demonstrate the effectiveness of C2 RM on improving the energy efficiency of a FEEL system.
  • Qunsong Zeng
  • Yuqing Du
  • Kaibin Huang
  • Kin Leung (Imperial)
Date Jun-2021
Venue IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications, 20(12), pp.7947-7962